Glossary of Cosmetic and Reconstructive Surgery Terms:
Acne: A skin condition in which the skin over-produces oil which can block pores and collect bacteria causing pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, and skin irritation. Those who experience severe acne may have acne scarring as a result.
Adult cleft lip and palate: Congenital defect present in an adult in which the soft tissue of the lip and roof of the mouth have fused improperly leading to a split in one or both sides of the lip and palate that can lead to tooth misalignment, breathing problems, and eating problems if not treated with adult cleft lip and palate surgery.
Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery): A surgery that removes excess skin and fat that cause the appearance of drooping eyelids and under-eye bags that make patients appear older than their actual age and can impair vision.
Botox®: A dermal injectable made from purified botulinum toxin that relaxes the facial muscles around the forehead and eyes to reduce signs of aging like wrinkles, fine lines, furrowed brows, and forehead creases.
Brow lift/Forehead lift: A procedure that lifts and tightens forehead skin and muscles, raising the eyebrows back to a more natural position and eliminating sagging skin and wrinkles in the forehead and brow area.
Chemical peels: Chemical solution applied to the skin to encourage the sloughing of the dead and damaged outer layer of skin. Each patient’s formula is customized based on his or her cosmetic needs and goals. Chemical peels can decrease the appearance of acne scars, fine lines, and sun spots as well as help reduce the appearance of scarring after surgery.
Cosmetic injectables: Injectable treatments that reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles without surgery. Injectables like Botox® and Dysport® work by relaxing the muscles that cause wrinkles. Facial fillers like Juvederm®, Restylane®, and Perlane® reduce signs of aging by replumping areas of lost volume around the nose, mouth, and even in hands.
Facelift: A procedure that tightens skin and muscles and eliminates loose skin and excess fat to reduce signs of aging in the face and neck including forehead lines, under-eye bags, creases along the nose and mouth, sagging jowls, and more.
- Lower facelift: For those who want rejuvenation only in the lower face and neck, a lower facelift tightens the skin and muscles that cause sagging jowls and a lax neckline.
- Mid-facelift: A facelift procedure in which sagging cheeks are smoothed and tightened, eliminating the appearance of nasiolabial folds or marionette lines.
- Upper facelift: Similar to the brow/forehead lift, the upper facelift tightens the skin and muscles at the top of the head to smooth the forehead and eyebrow area.
Facial Rejuvenation: A cosmetic procedure or treatment designed to address the signs of facial aging. Depending on the cosmetic needs of the patient, the treatment(s) may be non-surgical (i.e. dermal injectables, facial fillers, chemical peels, or laser resurfacing) or surgical (i.e. facelift, blepharoplasty, neck lift, etc.)
Fat transfer: A procedure in which the patient’s own liquid fat is harvested from one area with liposuction, purified, and then transplanted into another area of the body to naturally refill areas that have lost volume over time like the hands and around the nose and mouth.
Juvéderm®: A facial filler that reduces fine lines and wrinkles around the nose, mouth, and other facial areas. Juvéderm® utilizes hyaluronic acid to help restore skin’s natural suppleness and elasticity.
Laser skin resurfacing: The use of lasers to remove the damaged external layers of skin while leaving surrounding skin intact, laser skin resurfacing can also be used to help minimize post-surgery scarring.
Olfactory Receptors: Tiny, finger-like receptors responsible for the detection of odor molecules. When activated by exposure to specific molecules in the air, they transmit chemical signals up to a central processor in the brain called the olfactory bulb, which registers the scent.
Perlane®: A facial filler that adds volume to areas around the nose and mouth that may have lost elasticity over time. Perlane® particles are larger than those in Restylane® so as to work for deeper wrinkles.
Restylane®: A facial injectable that refills areas that have lost fullness due to the effects of age, gravity, sun exposure and more. Restylane® smooths wrinkles by working with your body’s natural hyaluronic acid to reduce the appearance of fine lines.
Turbinates (Nasal Concha): A network of bones, vessels, and tissue that stretches across the entire nasal passageway, responsible for warming, humidifying, and filtering the air we breathe. If swollen due to a cold or allergies, severe congestion can result. Nasal turbinates can be reduced in size with rhinoplasty procedures.
Ulthera: A facial rejuvenation system that utilizes ultrasound technology to tighten lax skin like drooping eyebrows and sagging neck tissue by heating the underlying layer of collagen and encouraging growth.